Massachusetts Historical Society

French soldiers and horses walking down a dirt road lined with damaged trees

Margaret Hall

View of a French helmet atop a wooden cross marking a gravesite

Margaret Hall

View of the entrance to a canteen

Margaret Hall

Two Red Cross workers standing outside in a garden

Margaret Hall

Panoramic view of soldiers inside a canteen, one soldier standing at center

Unidentified photographer

Panoramic view of soldiers inside a canteen

Unidentified photographer

Two soldiers in a large room with empty cots and bunks

Unidentified photographer

Group of soldiers in front of a canteen entrance

Margaret Hall

Interior view of a canteen showing soldiers and Red Cross workers

Unidentified photographer

Large group of soldiers standing outside a canteen

Margaret Hall

Mixed group of soldiers posed for a photograph

Margaret Hall

Soldiers sitting on front steps of a canteen

Margaret Hall

Red Cross workers offering beverages to soldiers outside a canteen

Margaret Hall

Soldiers entering a canteen

Margaret Hall

Group of soldiers posing for a photo outside a canteen

Margaret Hall

Ten centime note

Not a photograph

Fifty centime note

Not a photograph

One franc note

Not a photograph

Red Cross worker offering cigarettes to a soldier through a train window

Margaret Hall

View of damaged building with civilians standing nearby

Margaret Hall

Two Red Cross workers offering cigarettes to a soldier outside a canteen

Margaret Hall

Group of civilians in an underground shelter (wine cellar)

Unidentified photographer

Soldiers leaning out of windows of a train in a station with a bridge overhead

Margaret Hall

View from above of a railroad station

Margaret Hall

Group of soldiers posing for photo on a railroad platform

Margaret Hall

Two civilians standing in front of covered wagons being transported on railroad flat cars

Margaret Hall

Three soldiers standing on a military tank

Margaret Hall

Artillery and soldiers on a railroad flat car

Margaret Hall

Soldiers gathered alongside a stationary train [marked with a Red Cross?]

Margaret Hall

Street-level view of soldiers and horse-drawn artillery marching through a town

Margaret Hall

Street-level view of soldiers in full kit and horse-drawn artillery marching through a town

Margaret Hall

View from above of a military procession and civilians crowded along the street

Unidentified photographer

View of a zeppelin and a grazing horse in a field

Margaret Hall

View of soldiers sitting in front of a dugout shelter

Margaret Hall

Four Red Cross workers in helmets in a garden

Margaret Hall

A large piece of German field artillery

Margaret Hall

Men with shovels standing on the street in front of badly damaged buildings, Châlons.

Margaret Hall

Horse-drawn wagon on the street in front of damaged buildings

Margaret Hall

A woman and boy pushing their belongings in a wheelbarrow on their way to an underground shelter (wine cellar) and soldiers walking in the background

Margaret Hall

Three adults and three children on their way to underground shelter (wine cellar) for the night

Margaret Hall

View of a town built along a river

Margaret Hall

View of a stone bridge crossing the river Marne

Margaret Hall

View of a river, two rowboats in the foreground and houses on both sides

Margaret Hall

Soldiers lining up for food in front of an American Red Cross canteen

Margaret Hall

Group of soldiers-some on stretchers-on a train platform

Margaret Hall

Wounded soldiers on stretchers on a train platform

Margaret Hall

Soldiers in front of a small free standing storefront with a sign reading "Bazar Militaires"

Margaret Hall

View of soldiers with bayonets marching along a tree-lined street as civilians look on

Margaret Hall

View of soldiers with bayonets marching along a town street

Margaret Hall

Three soldiers walking down a road flanked by camouflaged embankments

Margaret Hall

Close-up of a concrete trench

Margaret Hall

French bread ration card

Not a photograph

Red Cross worker pouring coffee for soldiers outside an American Red Cross canteen, Ecury

Margaret Hall

Margaret Hall and a soldier standing outside an American Red Cross canteen tent

Unidentified photographer

Red Cross worker serving food to a crowd of soldiers

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker serving bread and coffee to a crowd of soldiers

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker preparing food for soldiers standing nearby

Margaret Hall

Soldiers posing for a photo next to an outdoor table

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker serving bread and coffee to a crowd of soldiers

Margaret Hall

Soldiers posing for a photo outside a canteen

Margaret Hall

Wounded man on a stretcher being carried into a hospital tent

Margaret Hall

Wounded man on a stretcher in front of an ambulance

Margaret Hall

View from above of German prisoners marching through a busy town street

Margaret Hall

Group of women sitting around a table in a canteen kitchen

Unidentified photographer

Group of soldiers in full kit standing in front of a canteen

Margaret Hall

Five soldiers on a bench alongside kits, helmets and bayoneted rifles

Margaret Hall

Group of soldiers pose for a photo in front of a canteen entrance

Margaret Hall

Group of soldiers with their kits, pose for a photo outside a canteen

Margaret Hall

Three soldiers, one smoking a pipe, outside a canteen

Margaret Hall

Mildred Mitchell sitting under a frescoed wall

Margaret Hall

Group of soldiers and covered wagons on a town street in front of a cathedral, L'Épine, October 1918

Margaret Hall

View of cathedral steeples through trees, L'Épine

Margaret Hall

French soldiers and horses walking down a dirt road lined with damaged trees

Margaret Hall

Rows of crosses decorated with flowers in a military cemetery, Châlons

Margaret Hall

Rows of wooden boards marking graves of Algerian soldiers

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker next to a grave marked with a cross and a wreath, Fort de la Pompelle

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker standing in front of a grave marked with a cross and flowers

Margaret Hall

Street-level view of mounted soldiers riding through a town street

Margaret Hall

View of a cathedral with damaged sections in foreground, Reims

Margaret Hall

Interior view of a cathedral showing damage, Reims

Margaret Hall

Exterior view of the front of a cathedral showing damage, Reims

Margaret Hall

View of dugout entrance with damaged trees, Brimont

Margaret Hall

Street-level view of damage to village buildings

Margaret Hall

Group of soldiers and horse-drawn wagons, 42nd Division at Châlons

Margaret Hall

American soldiers marching along a tree-lined road

Margaret Hall

Panoramic view of soldiers and one Red Cross worker inside a canteen

Unidentified photographer

English submarine chasers docked along the Marne river

Margaret Hall

Graves marked by crosses in a barren field

Margaret Hall

View of damaged stone buildings and trees

Margaret Hall

View of damaged trees in a snow covered field, Champagne

Margaret Hall

View of barren hillocks and trenches

Margaret Hall

View of a German trench and barbed wire

Margaret Hall

View of German trench and hand grenades

Margaret Hall

View of entrance to a dugout and damaged trees, Champagne

Margaret Hall

View of damaged landscape and ammunition baskets

Margaret Hall

View of a German trench and ammunition baskets, near Fort de la Pompelle

Margaret Hall

Civilians walking towards a castellated town gate

Margaret Hall

View of brick fortifications built into the side of a hill

Margaret Hall

View from above of shell holes in a snow-covered field

Margaret Hall

German camouflage and narrow gauge railway along the road from Verdun to Dun-sur-Meuse

Margaret Hall

Kaiser Wilhelm with troops and the Crown Prince

Unidentified photographer

View of empty road lined with barbed wire

Margaret Hall

Exterior view of a camouflaged bunker and debris, outside Fort Douaumont

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view of a camouflaged trench, Douaumont

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view of a large shell hole filled with water

Margaret Hall

View of an entrance to a First Aid dugout, Fort Douaumont

Margaret Hall

View from the top of Fort Douaumont of the surrounding countryside

Margaret Hall

View from the top of Fort Douaumont of trenches and barbed wire

Margaret Hall

German, Turkish and Bulgarian prisoners leaning out the windows of a train pulled into a station

Margaret Hall

Soldiers carrying bayonets march through a town street

Margaret Hall

Soldiers and horse-drawn artillery on a snow-covered road

Margaret Hall

Truck, soldiers and horse-drawn artillery walking on a snow-covered road

Margaret Hall

A German dugout under barbed wire and snow

Margaret Hall

Soldiers of the 106th Regiment with bayonets march through a street lined with civilians, Châlons

Margaret Hall

View from above of a destroyed church along a river bank

Margaret Hall

A Red Cross worker standing beneath a destroyed building, the ground strewn with rubble

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of a church exterior, showing a stone statue of a robed figure holding a tablet reading "sic transit gloria mundi", Metz

Margaret Hall

Postcard view of a public statue of a soldier on a horse adorned with wreathes, Metz

Unidentified photographer

View of a toppled public statue of a man on a horse, Metz

Unidentified photographer

Postcard view of a ferry boat and a pier, with Ehrenbreitstein Fortress in the background, Coblenz, Germany

Unidentified photographer

Group of soldiers standing in a war-torn field

Margaret Hall

Red Cross workers and soldiers standing in front of a hillside dugout entrance

Margaret Hall

Two Red Cross workers offering cigarettes to five soldiers in front of a canteen

Margaret Hall

Soldiers sit at a table in front of the entrance to Fort Douaumont

Margaret Hall

View of a large bunker covered with camouflage

Margaret Hall

View of wooden crosses marking graves alongside a bunker and barbed wire

Margaret Hall

View of a command post bunker with the countryside in the background

Margaret Hall

View of overturned carts alongside a narrow gauge railway running across a field

Margaret Hall

View of six artillery dugouts built into a hillside

Margaret Hall

View of a dozen artillery dugouts built into a hillside

Margaret Hall

Entrance to a Red Cross canteen built into a hillside

Margaret Hall

Shovel leaning on the entrance to a dugout

Margaret Hall

Multiple dugouts built along a roadside, Forest of Argonne

Margaret Hall

Badly damaged buildings along a river bank, Varennes-en-Argonne

Margaret Hall

Two soldiers and one Red Cross worker in front of an abandoned bungalow

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view of a trench with barbed wire and a small cross visible on the horizon, Fort Douaumont

Margaret Hall

View of a road, a destroyed building and damaged trees

Margaret Hall

Street-level view of soldiers in full kit marching away from the camera between crowds of soldiers on either side

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of wooden crosses decorated with flowers and flags marking graves of American soldiers, Châlons-en-Champagne, 1919

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of wooden crosses decorated with flowers and flags marking graves of American soldiers, Châlons-en-Champagne, 1919

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of crowded rows of crosses decorated with flowers, marking graves of American soldiers, military cemetery, Châlons , 1919

Margaret Hall

Wide-angle view of destroyed stone buildings and trees

Margaret Hall

Man on a street corner talking to two men leaning through the bars of a ground-floor window

Margaret Hall

View of a dugout entrance and a cross standing amongst barren hillocks

Margaret Hall

Human remains lying in a field

Margaret Hall

One soldier and three civilians standing in German trenches in snow-covered war-torn hillocks

Margaret Hall

Overturned German tank in a war-torn field

Margaret Hall

View of a chair and a hammock in front of a German dugout in the woods

Margaret Hall

Overturned German tank and barbed wire in a war-torn field

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view inside a German trench

Margaret Hall

Three rifles sticking out of the ground along the top of a trench, Bayonet trench, Verdun

Margaret Hall

Rifles leaning against a large monument of a cross guarded by soldier, with fields and road in the background, Bayonet Trench, Verdun

Margaret Hall

Two Red Cross workers standing next to a large monument of a cross, surrounded by barbed wire, Bayonet Trench, Verdun

Margaret Hall

Soldier standing in large shell hole

Margaret Hall

Soldiers sitting outside a large bunker with makeshift kitchen, entrance to Fort Douaumont

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view of destroyed stone buildings

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view of destroyed stone buildings and clock tower

Margaret Hall

Soldiers climbing a ladder leaning against a tall tree used as an observation post by the Germans

Margaret Hall

View of a large, one-story log cabin in the woods

Margaret Hall

View through an archway of a road lined with damaged stone structures

Margaret Hall

Civilian walking along a town street lined with damaged stone buildings

Margaret Hall

Two soldiers with horses walking along a road past damaged trees

Margaret Hall

Two prop planes and soldiers, Colombey-les-Belles Aerodrome

Margaret Hall

Soldiers walking along street through a badly damaged town

Margaret Hall

Soldiers walking along a street past damaged buildings

Margaret Hall

Soldiers standing in the shade of a tree, with destroyed town buildings in the background

Margaret Hall

Two men standing on a street corner surounded by badly damaged stone buildings

Margaret Hall

View of a man walking into a town through a damaged archway

Margaret Hall

View of German camouflage stretched across the road from Verdun to Dun-sur-Meuse

Margaret Hall

Interior view of a destroyed church with a crucifix hanging from the ruins, along the road from Verdun to Dun-sur-Meuse

Margaret Hall

View of destroyed stone vaults and columns, standing in a field

Margaret Hall

View of damaged columns sticking out of a pile of rubble

Margaret Hall

View of destroyed trees, rubble, and the remnants of a stone building

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of a badly damaged gothic archway

Margaret Hall

View of a damaged gothic archway

Margaret Hall

Street-level view of German prisoners walking along a road

Margaret Hall

Wide-angle view of thousands of crosses in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery and Memorial, Romagne-sous-Montfaucon, 1919

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker walking along a war-torn hillside above barbed wire and a dugout entrance

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker standing in front of the entrance to a bunker

Margaret Hall

One Red Cross worker and three men standing on top of a concrete machine-gun bunker at La Laufée

Margaret Hall

View in front of the canteen of two Red Cross workers receiving the Croix-de-Guerre with soldiers standing at attention, Châlons

Margaret Hall

Large group of soldiers posing for a photo, hand grenade station near Châlons

Margaret Hall

Soldiers standing in front of a building, hand grenade station near Châlons

Margaret Hall

View from above of German prisoners marching through a busy town street, bicycle in foreground

Margaret Hall

View of a soldier [M. P. Louis Baker] standing on a train platform

Margaret Hall

View of destroyed stone buildings, Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus

Margaret Hall

View of destroyed stone buildings and trees, Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus

Margaret Hall

View of destroyed stone buildings, Sommepy-Tahure (during WW1 it was known as Somme-Py)

Margaret Hall

View of destroyed stone buildings, Sommepy-Tahure (during WW1 it was known as Somme-Py)

Margaret Hall

View of empty fields and the road to Tahure

Margaret Hall

View of a wooden plank road near Tahure

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of dugout and trench, Tahure

Margaret Hall

View of rows of tents in a German prisoners camp behind a high barbed wire fence

Margaret Hall

View of a black army band playing music amongst rows of tents in a German prisoners camp behind a barbed wire fence

Margaret Hall

Large group of soldiers posing for a photo in front of a canteen

Margaret Hall

Red Cross workers and soldiers sitting outside in rows of chairs during a ceremony for the last day of the canteen

Margaret Hall

View of badly damaged wooden buildings and trees

Margaret Hall

Civilians walking past the remains of a destroyed stone church with damaged buildings in the background

Margaret Hall

Cyclist pedaling through a street with a destroyed church on one side and badly damaged buildings on the other, Arras

Margaret Hall

Two soldiers standing in front of a damaged building with columns pockmarked from artillery fire , Arras

Margaret Hall

French soldier and a civilian standing in a crater, Vimy Ridge

Margaret Hall

Three wooden crosses in a grassy field and more crosses on the top of a small hill in the background, Butte de Warlencourt

Margaret Hall

View of a monument, a circled cross bearing the English inscription "THE DURHAM LIGHT INFANTRY"

Margaret Hall

View of a monument, a wooden cross marked with three iron crosses and a German inscription commemorating the 179th Infantry Regiment

Margaret Hall

View of a landscape covered with wooden debris and ruins of stone buildings

Margaret Hall

An overturned tank next to a plank road, Menin Road, between Ypres and Menen

Margaret Hall

Damaged tanks visible lying in a field along a roadside and a narrow gauge railway, Menin Road, between Ypres and Menen

Margaret Hall

Overturned tank lying in a field next to a destroyed tree stump and a plank road, Menin Road, between Ypres and Menen

Margaret Hall

View of road and damaged town gate into Ypres

Margaret Hall

View of crosses in a makeshift cemetery for English soldiers next to destroyed stone buildings, outside of Ypres

Margaret Hall

View from above of intact buildings and towers, Ypres, 1914

Unidentified photographer

Ground-level view of destroyed buildings and towers, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Postcard view of intact Cloth Hall, Ypres, 1914

Margaret Hall

Group of British soldiers, some carrying shovels, marching past destroyed Cloth Hall, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Remnants of a gothic arch from a destroyed stone building, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Wide view of remnants of a gothic arch from a destroyed stone building, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of a crucifix and empty stained-glass windows on the side of a destroyed stone building, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of the remnants of a gothic arch from a destroyed stone building, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of the remnants of a gothic arch from a destroyed stone building, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of the remnants of a gothic arch from a destroyed stone building, Ypres, 1919

Margaret Hall

Soldiers walking along a cobblestone steet surrounded by destroyed stone buildings on both sides

Margaret Hall

View of an overturned tank lying under destroyed trees along the side of the road

Margaret Hall

Remains of overturned tanks lying on the side of the road, near Poelkapelle

Margaret Hall

View of two children on a street in front of a row of completely destroyed houses and a narrow gauge railway in the foreground, Armentières

Margaret Hall

View of boys sitting on the sidewalk in front of an empty monument pedestal and a destroyed stone church in the background

Margaret Hall

View of crowds gathered under the Arc de Triomphe, bleachers set up and poles strung with banners, Paris, July 13, 1919

Margaret Hall

View of civilians in front of a large pile of captured German small artillery covered with wreathes, topped with a statue of an oversized rooster and flags from different countries hanging behind, 1919

Margaret Hall

Close-up view of civilians in front of a large pile of captured German small artillery covered with wreathes, topped with a statue of an oversized rooster and flags from different countries hanging behind, 1919

Margaret Hall

View from above of Marshal Foch and Marshal Joffre leading a military parade under the Arc de Triomphe with military formations around the Arc and civilians crowding the flag-lined streets

Unidentified photographer

French military band marching under the Arc de Triomphe with military formations around the Arc and civilians crowding the flag-lined streets, July 14, 1919, Paris

Unidentified photographer

Street-level view of French soldiers marching with battle flags

Margaret Hall

View from above of soldiers marching in formation in front of crowds of civilians in the Place de L'Etoile, Paris

Unidentified photographer

View from above of vast crowds and a military parade; the French flag flies prominently in the foreground, Place de L'Etoile, Paris

Unidentified photographer

Street-level view of Marshal Foch and Marshal Joffre leading a military parade under the Arc de Triomphe, Paris

Unidentified photographer

Street-level view of Marshal Philippe Pétain on a white horse passing under the Arc de Triomphe, Paris

Unidentified photographer

Street-level view of two tanks rolling through the Arc de Triomphe at the end of the parade; soldiers stand in the tank turrets holding French flags, Paris

Unidentified photographer

Street-level view of a large crowd of French soldiers standing on a city sidewalk, the street hung with flags and bunting, Paris

Unidentified photographer

View of fireworks over the Seine, Paris

Unidentified photographer

View from above of Paris at night, the city brilliantly lit, July 14, 1919

Margaret Hall

A French cartoon titled "RÉCITS DE VOYAGE, par Henriot."

Not a photograph

3 soldiers and one civilian walk along a street in the town of Soissons, a damaged church steeple in the background

Margaret Hall

Stacks of ammunition boxes in a field, Soissons

Margaret Hall

View of an outdoor kitchen of an Algerian(?) camp, men standing on line for food

Margaret Hall

View of machine guns and rifles leaning against the entrance to an abandoned German bunker

Margaret Hall

View of an abandoned German trench littered with military debris

Margaret Hall

View of an empty road stretching through flat fields

Margaret Hall

View of stone ruins of Fort de la Malmaison, Chavignon

Margaret Hall

View of a soldier standing in a large stone and concrete circular German gun emplacement

Margaret Hall

Red Cross worker [Elsa Bowman] picks up some debris in front of a hillside dugout, Pinon

Margaret Hall

Hilltop view of countryside, Berry-au-Bac

Margaret Hall

Eight wooden crosses marking graves, one with a helmet hung on it and a destroyed stone building in the background, Berry-au-Bac

Margaret Hall

View of a small scrubby hill with barbed wire visible in the foreground, Craonne

Margaret Hall

Soldier standing in front of an abandoned dugout entrance, flat fields in the background, Craonne

Margaret Hall

View of a narrow gauge railway leading up to a destroyed stone chateau which had been occupied by the Kaiser, Pinon

Margaret Hall

View of a destroyed stone chateau which had been occupied by the Kaiser, Pinon

Margaret Hall

View of an expanse of mudflats, a viaduct in the distance, port of Zeebrugge, Belgium

Margaret Hall

View of a beach and sand dunes covered by barbed wire fence, Zeebrugge, Belgium

Margaret Hall

View from above of pedestrains strolling along a long concrete pier with ship-to-shore cranes in the distance

Margaret Hall

View of German concrete semi-circular fortifications built near the Bruges canal

Margaret Hall

View of an abandoned German machine gun set up on a sand dune

Margaret Hall

View of an abandoned German camouflaged coastal bunker, near Blankenberge, Belgium

Margaret Hall

View of sailboats in port with the town in the background, Ostend

Margaret Hall

View of a damaged and sunken ship alongside a wooden pier in the harbor of Ostend

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view of a destroyed town, remnants of gothic arches, Nieuport [Nieuwpoort]

Margaret Hall

View of damaged stone buildings, burnt trees in the foreground, Nieuport [Nieuwpoort]

Margaret Hall

View of a road leading to a destroyed town, Nieuport [Nieuwpoort]

Margaret Hall

View of destroyed stone buildings, Dixmude [Diksmuide], Belgium

Margaret Hall

View of a damaged small bridge spanning the Yser [IJzer] river, Furnes, Belgium

Margaret Hall

`A wooden structure, perhaps an observation stand, built into a bank along the Yser [IJzer] river`

Margaret Hall

View of mechanical debris with the Yser [IJzer] river in the background

Margaret Hall

View of damaged stone fortifications on the side of the Yser [IJzer] river that was held by the Germans

Margaret Hall

Close-up of a large German gun turret in a circular concrete enclosure with two men standing next to it for scale

Margaret Hall

View of a damaged concrete fortification in a grassy field

Margaret Hall

Ground-level view of destroyed stone buildings surrounded by burnt tree stumps

Margaret Hall

Postcard sketch of a mounted officer leading a column of French troops up towards Jesus in heaven while a mounted German officer leads a column of troops down towards the Angel of Death (Grim Reaper) in hell.

Unidentified