Paper book No. 16.
Journal Fragments. Vol. 3.
[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams]
Copied Large Quarto
[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of John Quincy Adams?]
[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams]
Inside Front Cover
JANY. 10 THURSDAY.
Dined at the Honble. John Ervings, with
Gray, Pitts, Hancock,
Adams, Townsend, J. Erving
Jur., G. Erving, Boardman. We had
over the Nominations of Nat. Hatch to be judge of the common
Pleas, and Ed. Quincy to be a justice of the Quorum, and
H. Grays Story of a Letter from a repentant Whigg to him.
"The general Court is a good School for such Conversation as this"-i.e.
double Entendre, Affectation of Wit-Pun-Smut, or at least distant and delicate
Allusions to what may bear that Name.
Gray said He could sometimes consent to a Nomination when
he could not Advise to it. And says he I can illustrate it to you Mr.
Hancock. -- Suppose a young Gentleman should ask his Father's Consent
that he should marry such a young Woman, or a young Lady should ask her
father's Consent that she should marry such a young Man. The Father says I cant
advise you, to have a Person of his or her Character, but if you have a Desire,
I wont oppose it. You shall have my Consent. -Now M r. Hancock
I know this Simile will justify the Distinction to a young Gentleman of your
A light brush happened too between Pitts and
Gray. Pitts hinted something about the
strongest Side. Gray said, there were 2 or 3 Of Us last May,
that were Midwives, I kn [know]
But you have been always of the strongest side, you have been so lucky.
When the Co. [Company] 1st. came in, they began to banter
Blair Townsend, upon his approaching Marriage which it seems
is to be this Evening, to one Mrs. Brimmer.
[illegible] Treasurer punned upon the Name. (N.B.
Shenstone thanked God that his Name was obnoxious to no Pun).
And We had frequent Allusions, Squints, and Fleers about entering in &c.
among the Merchants and Widowers and Bachelors, &c.
FRYDAY FEBY. 7 [i.e.
Met a Committee of the House at the Representatives Room, to consider of a
Plan for a society for encouraging Arts, Agriculture, Manufactures and
Commerce, within the Province .
Such a Plan may be of greater Extent and Duration than at first We may
imagine. It might be usefull at any Time. There are
in this Prov. [Province] natural Productions
eno. Hemp, Silk, and many other Commodities might be
introduced here, and cultivated for Exportation. The Mulberry Tree succeeds as
well in our Climate and Soil, as in any.
At a Time, when the Barriers against Popery, erected by our Ancestors, are
suffered to be destroyed, to the hazard even of the Protestant Religion: When
the system of the civil Law [illegible] which has for so many
so many Ages and Centuries, been withstood by the People of
England, is permitted to become fashionable: When so many
Innovations are introduced, to the Injury of the our Constitution of
civil Government: it is not surprizing that the
great Securities of the People, should be invaded, and their fundamental
Rights, drawn into Question. While the People of all the other great
Europe, have been insidiously deprived of their Liberties, it is
not unnatural to expect that such as are interested to introduce Arbitrary
should see with Envy, Detestation and Malice, the People
of the British Empire, by their Sagacity and Valour
defending theirs, to the present Times.
There is nothing to distinguish the Government of
Great Britain, from that [of]
France, or of
Spain, but the Part which the People are by the Constitution
appointed to take, in the passing and Execution of Laws. Of the Legislature,
the People constitute one essential Branch-And while they hold this Power,
unlimited, and exercise it frequently, as they ought, [nothing can
ever take Place in the?] no Law can be made and continue long in
Force that is disagreable inconvenient, hurtful, or
disagreable to the Mass of the
People society. No Wonder then, that attempts are made, to deprive
them the Freeholders of
America and of the
County of Middlesex, of this troublesome Power, so dangerous to
Tyrants and so disagreable to all who have
Vanity enough to call themselves the better Sort. -- In the Administration of
justice too, the People have an important Share. Juries are taken by Lot or by
Suffrage from the Mass of the People, and no Man can be condemned of Life, or
Limb, or Property or Reputation, without the Concurrence of the Voice of the
As the Constitution requires, that, the popular Branch of the Legislature,
should have an absolute Check so as to put a peremptory Negative upon every Act
of the Government, so it requires that the
[same?] common People should have as
compleat a Controul, as
decisive a Negative, in every judgment of a Court of Judicature. No Wonder then
that the same restless Ambition, the same [of ]
aspiring Minds, which areis endeavouring to lessen or
destroy the Power of the People in the Legislation, should attempt
to lessen or destroy it, in the Execution of Lawes. The
Rights of Juries and of Elections, were never attacked singly in all the
English History. The same Passions which have disliked one have detested the
other, and both have always been exploded, mutilated and
or undermined together.
The british Empire has been much allarmed, of
late Years, with Doctrines concerning juries, and their Powers and
Duties, which have been said in Printed Papers and Pamphlets to have been
delivered from the highest Trybunals of Justice.
Whether these Accusations are just or not, it is certain that many Persons are
misguided and deluded by them, to such a degree, that we often hear in
Conversation Doctrines advanced for Law, which if true, would render juries a
mere Ostentation and Pagentry and the Court absolute judges of Law and
It cannot therefore be
an unseasonable Speculation to examine into the real Powers and Duties of
Juries, both in Civil and Criminal Cases, and to discover the
the important Boundary between the Power of the Court and that
of the jury, both in Points of Law and of Fact.
Every intelligent Man will confess that Cases frequently occur, in which it
would be very difficult for a jury to determine the Question of Law. Long
Chains of intricate Conveyances; obscure, perplext
and embarrassed Clauses in Writings: Researches into remote Antiquity, for
Statutes, Records, Histories, judicial Decisions, which are frequently found in
foreign Languages, as Latin and French, which may be all necessary to be
considered, would confound a common Jury and a decision by them would be no
better than a Decision by Lott. But it will by no
Means follow from them, that the Jury
And indeed Juries are
so sensible of [this]
and of the great
Advantages the judges have [to]
determine such Questions,
that, as the Law has given them the Liberty of finding the facts specially and
Submitting the Law
praying the Advice of the Court in the Matter of
Law, they very seldom neglect to do it when recommended to them, or when
in any doubt of the Law.
But it will by no Means follow from thence, that
they are under any legal, or moral or divine Obligation to find a Special
Verdict where they themselves are in no doubt of the Law.
The Oath of a Juror in
England, is to determine Causes
"according to your Evidence"- In this Province
"according to Law and the Evidence given you." It will be readily agreed
that the Words of the Oath at Home, imply all that is expressed by the Words of
the Oath here. And whenever a general Verdict is found, it assuredly determines
both the Fact and the Law.
It was never yet disputed, or doubted, that a general Verdict, given
under the Direction of the Court in Point of Law, was a legal
Determination of the Issue. Therefore the jury have a Power of deciding an
Issue upon a general Verdict. And if they have, is it not an Absurdity to
suppose that the Law would oblige them to find a Verdict according to the
Direction of the Court, against their own Opinion, Judgment and Conscience.
[It] has already been admitted to be most
advisable for the jury to find a Special Verdict where they are in doubt of the
Law. But, this is not often the Case-1000 Cases occur in which the Jury would
have no doubt of the Law, to one, in which they would be at a Loss. The general
Rules of Law and common Regulations of Society, under which ordinary
Transactions arrange themselves, are well enough known to ordinary Jurors. The
great Principles of the Constitution, are intimately known, they are sensibly
felt by every Briton-it is scarcely extravagant to say, they are drawn in and
imbibed with the Nurses Milk and first Air.
Now should the Melancholly Case arise, that
the judges should give their Opinions to the jury, against one of these
fundamental Principles, is a juror obliged to give his Verdict generally
according to this Direction, or even to find the fact specially and submit the
Law to the Court. Every Man of any feeling or Conscience will answer, no. It is
not only his right but his Duty in that Case to find the Verdict according to
his own best Understanding, Judgment and Conscience, tho in Direct opposition to the Direction of the Court.
A religious Case might be put of a Direction against a divine Law.
The English Law obliges no Man to decide a Cause upon Oath against his own
judgment, nor does it oblige any Man to take any Opinion upon Trust, or to pin
his faith on the sleve of any mere Man.
THURDSDAY FEBY. 14.
Dined at Mr. Hancocks with the Members,
Warren, Church, Cooper,
&c. and Mr. Harrison and spent the whole Afternoon and
drank Green Tea, from
Holland I hope, but dont know.
FRYDAY [15 FEBRUARY]. EVENING.
Going to Mr. Pitts's, to meet the Kennebeck Company --
Hallowell, and Pitts. There I shall hear
Philosophy, and Politicks, in Perfection from H. --
high flying, high Church, high state from G. -- sedate, cool, Moderation from
B. -- and warm, honest, frank Whiggism from P. I never spent an Evening at
Pitts's. What can I learn tonight.
Came home and can now answer the Question. I learned nothing. The Company
was agreable enough. -- Came home in great Anxiety
and distress, and had a most unhappy Night -- never in more misery, in my whole
Life -- God grant, I may never see such another Night.
Have had a pensive day.
Next Tuesday I shall remove my Family to
Boston, after residing in
Braintree about 19 Months. I have recovered a Degree of Health
by this Excursion into the Country, tho I am an
infirm Man yet. I hope I have profited by Retirement and Reflection! -- and
learned in what manner to live in
Boston! How long I shall be able to stay in the City, I know
not; if my Health should again decline, I must return to
Braintree and renounce the Town entirely. I hope however to be
able to stay there many Years! To this End I must remember Temperance, Exercise
and Peace of Mind. Above all Things I must avoid Politicks, Political Clubbs,
Town Meetings, General Court, &c. &c. &c.
I must ride frequently to
Braintree to inspect my Farm, and when in
Boston must spend my Evenings in my Office, or with my Family,
and with as little Company as possible.
Pages 12 - 47
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1771. [ca. 20]
Tuesday went to
Boston with my Wife, and the
next day to Commencement at
Cambridge, was only at 3 Chambers -- Palmers,
Frenches and Rogers's.
JULY 22D. MONDAY.
After rambling about my Farm and giving some Directions to my Workmen I went
Boston. There soon came into my Office, Ruddock
and Story. It seems that Andrew Belchers
Widow has sued Story as [illegible]
Deputy Register of the Admiralty under her Husband in his Lifetime, and
Ruddock as his Bondsman, for
upon the Bond given
for the faithfull
Discharge of his Office. Three or
400 st. of the Kings third of a Seizure is not accounted for
and Ruddock is in Trouble. This
Ruddock is as unique a Character as any of his Age-a finished
Example of self Conceit, and Vanity. -- "I am plunged! I never was concerned in
any Affair before, that I could not have any Thoughts of my own upon.it. I know
there are several Laws-by one Law the Sherriffs Bonds are not to be put in
Suit, after 2 Years, and the Treasurers are limited to 3 Years, but whether
these Precedents will govern this Case I cant tell. I consulted Mr.
Pratt, once about an Affair: and he advised me to do something. I told
him I was of a different opinion. Every Line in his face altered, when I said
this. -- You are
certainly wrong said he. -- Well, says I,
be my Lawyer, when We come to Court. -- Yes
said he. -- But next Morning he told me
"Brother Ruddock I have been ruminating your Affair on my
Pillow, and I find You was right, and I was wrong." -Thus Mr.
Justice Ruddock is mighty in Counsell.
"I told Andrew Belcher, if he would not do so and so, he
should never be chosen Counsellor again. He would not do it, and the next Year
he was left out. I told him further, that I would not except of any Post in the
World to stop my Mouth about Liberty, but I would write home and get away his
Post of Register of the Admiralty."-Thus Squire Ruddock
thinks himself powerfull at Court. The Instances of
this Mans Vanity are innumerable-his Soul is as much Swollen as his
I dined at my Lodgings, came early to my Office, went home and drank Tea at
6 O Clock and returned to my Office, and here I am. What a Multitude passes my
Window every day! Mr. Otis's Servant brought his Horse to the
Door at Seven, and he took a Ride. Treasurer Gray stalked
New Boston, where his Daughter Otis lives, down
to the B. [British] Coffeehouse where the Clubb meets, as I suppose about half after Seven.
Spent an Hour or two in the Evening at Mr.
Cranch's. Mr. Jo. Greenleaf came in, and
Parson Hilyard [Hilliard] of
Barnstable -- and we were very chatty.
Sister Cranch says, she has had an Opportunity
of making many Observations, this Year at Commencement. And she has quite
altered her Mind about dancing and dancing Schools, and Mr.
Cranch seems convinced too, and says it seems, that all such as learn
to dance are so taken up with it, that they cant be students. So that if they
should live to bring up Billy to
Colledge, they would not send him to dancing
School-nor the Misses
Betsy and Lucy neither. -- What a sudden, and entire
Conversion is this! That Mrs. C. should change so
quick is not so wonderfull, But that his
mathematical, metaphysical, mechanical, systematical Head should be turned
round so soon, by her Report of what she saw at
Cambridge is a little remarkable. However the Exchange is for
the better. It is from Vanity to Wisdom-from Foppery to Sobriety and solidity.
I never knew a good Dancer good for any Thing else.
I have known several Men of Sense and Learning, who could dance,
Otis, Sewal, Paine, but none
of them shone that Way, and neither of em had the more
Sense or Learning, or Virtue for it.
I would not however conclude, peremptorily, against sending Sons or
Daughters to dancing, or Fencing, or Musick, but had
much rather they should be ignorant of em all than fond
of any one of em.
The Court sat. Nothing remarkable. Dined at home at Brother Smiths, with Mr. Johnson. No
Conversation memorable. Brother has 2 Dogs, 4. Rabbits, Six tame Ducks, a dozen
Chickens, one Pidgeon, and some yellow Birds and
other singing Birds, all in his little Yard.
It is a pitty that a Day should be spent, in the
Company of Courts &c., and nothing be heard or seen, worth remembering. But
this is the Case-of all that I have heard from judges, Lawyers, Jurors,
Clients, Clerks, I cant recollect a Word, a Sentence, worth committing to
Took a Pipe in the Beginning of the Evening with Mr.
Cranch and then supped with Dr. Warren.
The Indian Preacher cryed good God! -- that ever
Adam and Eve should eat that Apple when they
knew in their own Souls it would make good Cyder.
Dined at home, i.e. at my Brother Smiths with
one Payson, a Man who now lives at
Milton where Coll.
[illegible] Gooch lived, and who married a
Sister of David Wyers Wife. He had an Horse to sell, part
English Bred, of Brig. Ruggles's raising-a young Horse, very
firm and strong-good in a Chaise &c. We tryed him
in a Saddle and in a Chaise too. Brother bought him. Spent the Evening at
S. Quincys, with Deacon Storer and
J. F. and H. Green about their Cases,
AND 26. THURSDAY AND FRYDAY.
Both these Days spent in the Tryal of
Mr. Otis's Case vs.
The Jury this Morning delivered their Verdict, for 2000 Sterling
Damages, and Costs. -- I have spent this Morning in reading the Centinells.
There is a profuse Collection of Knowledge in them, in Law, History,
Government, that indicates to me the only Author, I think. A great Variety of
The Subject of the Governors Independency, is a serious, and momentous
Thing a dangerous, and momentous Thing. It deserves the utmost
AUG. 8 [i.e. 9?].
Have loitered at home the most of the past Week, gazing at my Workmen. I set
upon one Exploit, that pleases me much. I proposed
ploughing up the Ground in the Street along my Stone Wall opposite to
Mr. Jos. Fields, and carting the Mould into my Cow Yard. A few
Scruples, and Difficulties were started but these were got over -and Plough,
Cart, Boards, Shovells
, Hoes, &c. were
collected, and We found it easyly ploughed
by one Yoke of Oxen, very easy to shovel into the
Cart, and very easily spread in the Yard. It was broke entirely to Pieces, and
crumbled like dry Snow or indian meal in the Cow Yard. It is a Mixture of Sand,
of Clay, and of the Dung of Horses, neat Cattle, Sheep, Hogs, Geese &c.
washed down the whole length of
Pens hill by the Rains. It has been a Century a Washing down,
and is probably deep. We carted in 8 Loads in a Part of an Afternoon with 3
Hands besides ploughing it up, and 8 Loads more the next forenoon, with 2
Hands. I must plough up a long ditch the whole length of my Wall from
N. Belchers to my House, and cart in the Contents. I must
plough up the whole Balk from my Gate to Mr. Fields Corner,
and cart in the Sward. I must plough
enlarge my Yard and plough up
what I take in, and lay on that Sward; I must dig a Ditch in my fresh Meadow
from N. Belchers Wall down to my Pond, and cart the Contents
into my Yard. I must open and enlarge four Ditches from the Street
down to Deacon Belchers Meadow, and cart in the Contents. I
must also bring in 20 Loads of Sea Weed, i.e. Eel Grass, and 20 Loads of Marsh
Mud, and what dead ashes I can get from the Potash Works and what Dung I can
Boston, and What Rock Weed from Nat. Belcher or
. All this together with what will be
made in the Barn and Yard, by my Horses, Oxen, Cows, Hogs, &c. and by the
Weeds, that will be carried in from the Gardens, and the Wash and Trash from
the House, in the Course of a Year would make a great Quantity of Choice
J.Q. says Mr. O [Otis]
was quite wild at the Bar Meeting-cursed the Servants for not putting 4 Candles
on the Table, swore he could yet afford to have 4 upon his own-- &c. --
13. OR 14TH. 1771.
Spent the Evening at Cordis's, the British Coffee house. --
In the front Room, towards the long Wharfe, where the
Merchants Clubb has met this twenty Years. It seems
there is a Schism in that Church -- a Rent in that Garment a
Detachment -a Mutiny in that Regiment, and a large Detachment has
decamped, and marched over the Way, to Ingersols.
This Evening The Commissary and Speaker, and Speaker and Commissary,
Mr. Cushing was present. The Clerk of the House Mr.
Adams, Mr. Otis, Mr. John Pitts,
Dr. Warren, Mr. Molineux, Mr. Josa.
Quincy, and myself were present.
AUG. 14. OR 15. WEDNESDAY.
Slept last Night, at Mr. Cranches, arose about Sunrise, and
repaired to my Office. A fine, sweet, Morning fresh Morning.
AUG. 20. 1771. TUESDAY.
At the Office.
22D. AND 23. THURSDAY AND FRYDAY.
At the Office. Mr. Otis's Gestures and Motions are very
whimsical, his Imagination is disturbed-his Passions all roiled. His Servant,
he orders to bring up his Horse, and to hold him by the Head at the Stone of
his Door, an Hour before He is ready to mount. Then he runs into one Door and
out at another, and Window &c. &c. &c.
NOVR. 5TH. TUESDAY.
Salem. Fine Weather. Deacon Thurston of
Rowley came in last Night, a venerable old Man, with his snowy,
hoary Locks. Kent and the Deacon soon clashed upon Religion. -- Dont
you think Sir, says the Deacon, We
are here Probationers for Eternity?-No by no means says Kent.
We are here Probationers from for the next State and in the next We
shall be Probationers for the next that is to follow, and so on
thro as many States as there are Stars or Sands, to
all Eternity. You have gone thro several States
already before this, one in the Womb, and one in your fathers Loyns. -- Ay, says the Deacon, Where do you get thisdont you believe
I put in my Oar -- He made it Deacon out of the whole Cloth. It never
existed out of his Imagination.
Kent. I get it from Analogy.
It is the delight of this Kents Heart to teaze a Minister or Deacon with his wild Conceits, about
NOVR. 9. SATURDAY.
At Salem, all this Week at Court. Dined one day at C.
[Chief] Justice Lyndes. All the rest of the Week
till this day with the Court.
Dined this Day, spent the Afternoon, and drank Tea at Judge
Ropes's, with Judges
Lynde, Oliver and Hutchinson, Sewal,
Putnam, and Winthrop.
Mrs. Ropes is a fine Woman -- very pretty, and genteel.
Our Judge Oliver is the most best bred Gentleman
of all the judges, by far. There is something in every one of the
others indecent and disagreable, at Times in
Company-affected Witticisms, unpolished fleers, coarse Jests, and sometimes
rough, rude Attacks, but these you dont see escape Judge
Drank Tea at Judge Ropes's. Spent the Evening at
Colonel Pickmans. He is very sprightly, sensible and
entertaining. Talks a great deal. Tells old Stories in abundance -- about the
Witcraft [Witchcraft] -- Paper Money -- Governor
Belchers Administration, &c.
NOVR. 10. 1771
Heard Mr. Cutler
Ipswich Hamlet. Dined at Dr. Putnams with
Putnam and Lady and a young
Gentlemen Nephews of the Dr.
and a Mrs. Scollay. Coll.
Putnam told a Story of an Indian upon
Connecticutt River who called at a Tavern in the fall of the
Year for a Dram. The Landlord asked him two Coppers for it. The next Spring,
happening at the same House, he called for another and had 3 Coppers to pay for
it. -- How is this, Landlord, says he, last fall you asked but two Coppers for
a Glass of Rum, now you ask three. -- Oh! says the Landlord, it is
costs me a good deal to keep Rum over Winter. It is
to keep an Hogshead of Rum over Winter as a Horse. -- Ay says the Indian, I
cant see thro
that, He wont eat so much Hay --
may be He drink as much Water.
-- This was sheer
Wit, pure Satyre,
, Wit, and Satyr
, in one
very short Repartee.
Kent brought with him, Utopia, or the happy Republic, a
Philosophical Romance, by Sir Thos. More, translated by
Bp. Burnet. There is a sensible Preface by the Translator
prefixed, and some Testimonies concerning More by great and learned Men of
different Nations and Religions. Cardinal Pool
[Pole], Erasmus, Jo.
Cochleus, Paulus jovius, Jo. Rivius,
Charles 5. &c. The Translation, I think is better
than mine, which is by another Hand . The Romance is very elegant and
ingenious-the fruit of a benevolent and candid Heart, a learned and strong
Mind. The good Humour, Hospitality, Humanity, and
Wisdom of the Utopians, is charming-their Elegance, and Taste is engaging --
their freedom from Avarice, and foppery, and Vanity is admirable.
FEBY. 2D. SUNDAY.
Have omitted now for 3 months almost to keep any
"Note of Time or of its Loss."
Thomas Newcomb dined with me. He says that
Etter, the Stocking Weaver, told him about a fortnight ago,
that he saw the Governor within these 3 Months, and told him, he hoped the
People would be contented and easy now they had a Governor from among
themselves. The Governor said,
"there were some Discontents remaining occasioned by continual
Clamours in the Newspapers, and that a great Part of
those Clamours, came from his (Etters) Town,
This was partly, I suppose, to pump Etter, and get
something out of him, and partly to put Etter upon the right
Scent, as the Governor thought, that he might hunt down the seditious Writer at
Braintree. This Conversation shews that
the Governor is puzzled And wholly ignorant of the real Writers that molest
him. The Centinel has puzzled him.
Mr. Thomas Edwards our School Master and Mr. Joseph
Crosby, a Senior Sophister at Colledge
spent the Evening with me. Our Conversation
Austin, Tudor, Bulkley,
Angier -- Colonel Thayer, the Settlement of
the Militia, Algebra, Fenning, Dr. Sanderson
&c. &c. &c.
Edwards is ballancing in his
Mind the several Professions, in order to choose one. Is at a Loss between
Divinity and Law, but his Inclination is to the latter. Asked me to take him. I
only answered there were such Swarms of young ones, that there was no
FEBY. 4TH. TUESDAY.
Took a Ride in the Afternoon with my Wife
and little Daughter to make a visit to
my Brother. But finding him and
Sister just gone to visit my Mother we rode
down there, and drank Tea, altogether. Chatted about the new Promotions in the
Militia, and speculated about the future Officers of this Company, upon
supposition that the old Officers should resign-Billings,
Brother, &c. &c.
It is curious to observe the Effect these little Objects of Ambition have
upon Mens Minds. The Commission of a Subaltern, in the Militia, will tempt
these little Minds, as much as Crowns, and Stars and Garters will greater ones.
These are Things that strike upon vulgar, rustic Imaginations, more
strongly, than Learning, Eloquence, and Genius, of which common
Persons have no Idea.
My Brother seems to relish the Thought of a Commission, and if
Rawson and Bass resign, I hope he will have
FEBY. 9. SUNDAY.
"If I would but go to Hell for an eternal
Moment or so, I might be knighted." -- Shakespeare.
genius Spiritfull genius has thrown every Passions of the Heart and
every Sentiment of the Mind
Shakespeare, that great Master of
every Affection of the Heart and every Sentiment of the Mind as well as of all
the Powers of Expression, is sometimes found to be fond of a certain
pointed Oddity of Language, a certain Quaintness of Style, that is
considered as an Imperfection, in his Character. An instance of
the The Motto prefixed to this Paper, may be considered as an Example to
illustrate this Observation.
Abstracted from the Point and Conceit in the Style, there is Sentiment
enough in these few Words to fill Volumes a Volume. It is
a striking Representation of that Struggle which I believe always
happens, between Virtue and Ambition, when a Man first commences a Courtier. By
a Courtier I mean one who applies himself to the Passions and Prejudices, the
Follies and Vices of great Men in order to obtain their Smiles,
Esteem and Patronage and consequently their favours
and Preferments. Human Nature, depraved as it is,
has interwoven in its very Frame, a Love of Truth, Sincerity, and Integrity,
which must be overcome by Art, Education, and habit, before the Man can become
entirely ductile to the Will of a dishonest Master. When such a Master requires
of all who seek his favour
, an implicit Resignation to
his Will and Humour
, and these require that he be
soothed, flattered and assisted in his Vices, and Follies, perhaps the blackest
Crimes, that Men can commit, the first Thought of this will produce in a Mind
not yet entirely debauched, a Soliloqui, something like my Motto -- as if he
should say -- The Minister of State or the Governor would promote my Interest,
would advance me to Places of Honour
, would raise me and my family
Titles and Dignities that will be perpetuated in my family, in a Word
would make the Fortune of me and my Posterity forever, if I would
but comply with his Desires and become his Instrument to promote his Measures.
-- But still I dread the Consequences. He requires of me, such
, such horrid Crimes, such a
Sacrifice of my Honour
, my Conscience, my Friends, my
Country, my God, as the Scriptures inform us must be punished with nothing less
than Hell Fire, eternal Torment. And this is so unequal a Price to pay for the
and Emoluments in the Power of a Minister or
Governor, that I cannot prevail upon myself to think of it. The Duration of
future Punishment terrifies me. If I could but deceive myself so far as to
think Eternity a Moment only, I could comply, and be promoted.
Such as these are probably the Sentiments of a Mind as yet undifiled in
the as yet pure, and undifiled in its Morals. And many and severe are the
Pangs, and Agonies it must undergo, before it will be brought to
yield entirely to Temptation. Notwithstanding this, We see every Day, that our
Imaginations are so strong and our Reason so weak, the Charms of Wealth and
Power are so en [enchanting]
chanting, and the Belief of future Punishments so faint,
that Men find Ways to persuade themselves, to believe any Absurdity, to submit
to any Prostitution, than rather than forego their Wishes and
Desires. Their Reasons become eloquent Advocate Reason becomes at
last an eloquent Advocate on the Side of their Passions, and
[they] bring themselves to believe that black is white, that
Vice is Virtue, that Folly is Wisdom and Eternity a Moment.
The Brace of Adams's.
In the Year 1771 Spring of the Year 1771, several Messages passed
between the Governor and the House of Representatives, concerning the Words
that are commonly always used in Acts of Parliament, and
which were used in all the Laws of this Province, till the Administration of
"in General Court assembled and by the Authority of the same."
These Messages Governor Shirley Saw and read
in the Newspapers in whose Administration those Words were first omitted
in Consequence of an Instruction to him, saw and read these Messages in the
Newspapers, and enquired of somebody in Company with him at his Seat in
Dorchester, who had raised those Words from Oblivion at this
Time?-The Gentleman answered, the
Boston Seat. -- Who are the
Boston Seat? says the Governor. -- Mr. Cushing,
Mr. Hancock, Mr. Adams and Mr.
Adams says the Gentleman. -- Mr. Cushing I know,
quoth Mr. Shirley, and Mr. Hancock I know,
but where the Devil this Brace of Adams's came from, I
Q. [Query.] Is it not a Pity, that a Brace of so obscure
a Breed, should be the only ones to defend the Household, when the generous
Mastiffs, and best blooded Hounds are all hushed to silence by the Bones and
Crumbs, that are thrown to them, and even Cerberus himself is bought off, with
The Malice of the Court and its Writers seems to be principally
directed against these two Gentlemen. They have been stedfast and immoveable in
the Cause of their Country, from the Year 1761, and one of them Mr.
Samuel Adams for full 20 Years before. They have always since they
were acquainted with each other, concurred in Sentiment that the Liberties of
this Country had more to fear from one Man the present Governor
Hutchinson than from any other Man, nay than from all other Men in the
World. This Sentiment was founded in their Knowledge of his Character, his
unbounded Ambition and his unbounded Popularity. This Sentiment they have
always freely, tho decently, expressed in their
Conversation and Writings,
Writings which the Governor well knows
and which will be remembered as long as his Character and Administration. It is
not therefore at all surprizing
Indignation and that of all his Creatures should fall upon those Gentlemen.
Their Maker has given them Nerves that are delicate, and of Consequence their
Feelings are exquisite, and their Constitutions tender, and their Health
especially of one of them, very infirm: But as a Compensation for this he has
been pleased to bestow upon them Spirits that are unconquerable by all the Art
and all the Power of Governor Hutchinson, and his Political
Creators and Creatures on this both
the Atlantic. That Art and Power which has destroyed a
Thatcher, and a
a Mayhew, an
Otis, may destroy the Lives of th
Health and the
Lives of these Gentlemen, but can never subdue their Principles or their
Spirit. They have not the chearing
Prospect of Honours
and Emoluments before them, to
support them under all the Indignities and Affronts, the Insults and Injuries,
the Malice and Slander, that can be thrown upon Men, they have not
even the Hope of those Advantages that the suffrages of the People only can
bestow, but they have a Sense of Honour
and a Love of
their Country, the Testimony of a good Conscience, and the Consolation of
, if nothing more, which will certainly
support them in the Cause of their Country, to their last Gasp of Breath
whenever that may happen.
FEBY. 10. MONDAY.
Boston to the Court of Admiralty, and returned at Night. I went
upon the first Appeal that has been yet made and prosecuted before
Judge Auchmuty, and as it is a new Thing the Judge has
directed an Argument, and a Search of Books concerning the Nature of Appeals by
the civil Law. I found Time to look into Calvins Lexicon Title
Appellatio and Provocatio, and into Maranta, who has treated
largely of Appeals. Borrowed Ayliff, but there is no Table and
could find nothing about the Subject. Domat I could not
FOR AN ORATION AT
BRAINTREE, SPRING 1772.]
The Origin, the Nature, the Principles and the Ends of Government,
[illegible] in all Ages, the ignorant as well as the
enlightened, and in all Nations, the barbarous as well as civilized, have
employed the Wits of [illegible] ingenious Men.
The Magi, the Mufti, the Bramins, and Brachmans, Mandarines,
[illegible] Philosophers, Christian Divines,
Schoolmen, Hermits, Legislators, Politicians, Lawyers, have
[illegible] made these the subjects of their Enquiries and
Reasonings. There is nothing too absurd, nothing too enthusiastical or
superstitious, nothing too wild or whimsical, nothing too prophane or impious, to be found among such Thinkers, upon
such Subjects. Any Thing which subtelty could
investigate or imagination conceive, would serve for an Hypothesis, to support
a System, excepting only what alone can support the System of Truth-Nature, and
The Science of Government, like all other Sciences, is best pursued by
Observation And Experiment-Remark the Phenomina of
Nature, and from these deduce the Principles and Ends of Government.
Men are the Objects of this Science, as much as Air, Fire, Earth and Water,
are the Objects of Phylosophy, Points,
Lines, Surfaces and Solids of Geometry, or the Sun, Moon and Stars of
Astronomy. Human Nature therefore and human Life must be carefully
observed and studied. Here we should spread before Us a Map of
Man-view him in different Soils and Climates, in different Nations and
Countries, under different Religions and Customs, in Barbarity and Civility, in
a State of Ignorance and enlightened with Knowledge, in Slavery and in freedom,
in Infancy and Age.
He will be found, a rational, sensible and social Animal, in all. The
Instinct of Nature impells him to Society, and Society causes the Necessity of
Government is nothing more than the combined Force of Society, or the
united Power of the Multitude who compose the Society, for the
Peace, Order, Safety, Good and Happiness of the People, who compose the
Society. There is no King or Queen Bee distinguished from all others, by
the Size or Figure, or beauty and Variety of Colours, in the human Hive. No Man has yet produced any
Revelation from Heaven in his favour, any divine
Communication to govern his fellow Men. Nature throws us all into the World
equall and alike. [illegible]
Nor has any Form of Government the Honour of a
divine original or Appointment. The Author of Nature has left it wholly in the
Choice of the People, to make what mutual Covenants, to
[illegible] erect what Kind of Governments, and to exalt what
Persons they please to power and dignities, for their own Ease, Convenience and
Government being according to my Definition the collected Strength of all
for the Good general Good of all,
devised a Great Variety of forms in which this Strength may be arranged.
There are only Three simple Forms of Government.
When the whole Power of the Society is either lodged in the Hands
of the whole Society, the Government is called a Democracy, or the Rule of the
When the Sovereignty, or Supreme Power is placed in the Hands of a few
great, rich, wise Men, the Government is an Aristocracy, or the Rule of the
When the absolute Power of the Community is entrusted to the
Discretion of one Man a single Person, the Government is
called a Monarchy, or the Rule of one, in this Case the whole Legislative and
Executive Power is in the Breast of one Man.
There are however these two other Kinds of Monarchies.
One is when the Administration supreme Power is not
committed in a single Person but in the Laws, the Administration
being committed solely to the Prince.
Another Kind is a limited Monarchy, where the Nobles or the Commons or both
Check upon all the Acts of Legislation of the Prince.
There is an indefinite Variety of other Forms of Government, occasioned by
different Combinations and of the Powers of Society, and different
Inter mixtures of these Forms of Government, one with another.
The best Governments of the World have been mixed.
The Republics of
Carthage, were all mixed Governments. The English, Dutch and
Swiss, enjoy the Advantages of mixed Governments at this Day.
Sometimes Kings have courted the People in Opposition to the Nobles. At
other Times the Nobles have united with the People in Opposition to Kings. But
Kings and Nobles have much oftener combined together, to crush, to humble and
to Fleece the People.
But this is an unalterable Truth, that the People can never be enslaved but
by their own Tameness, Pusillanimity, Sloth or Corruption.
They may be deceived, and their Ignorance Symplicity, Ignorance, and Docility render them
frequently liable to deception. And the And of this, the aspiring,
designing, ambitious few are very sensible. He is the Statesman
[illegible] qualifyed by Nature to
scatter Ruin and Destruction in his Path who by deceiving a Nation can render
Despotism desirable in their Eyes and make himself popular in Undoing.
The Preservation of Liberty depends upon the intellectual and moral
Character of the People. As long as Knowledge and Virtue are diffused generally
among the Body of a Nation, it is impossible they should be enslaved. This can
be brought to pass only by debasing their Understandings, or by corrupting
What is the Tendency of the late Innovations? The Severity, the Cruelty of
the late Revenue Laws, and the Terrors of the formidable Engine, contrived to
execute them, the Court of Admiralty? Is not the natural and necessary Tendency
of these Innovations, to introduce dark Intrigues, Insincerity,
Simulation, Bribery and Perjury, among Custom house officers, Merchants,
Masters, Mariners and their Servants?
What has is the Tendency, what has been the Effect of introducing
a standing Army into our Metropolis? Have we not seen the most
horrid Rancour, furious Violence, infernal Cruelty,
shocking Impiety and
Profanation, and shameless, abandoned
Debauchery, running down the Streets like a Stream?
Liberty, under every conceivable Form of Government is always in Danger. It
is so even under a simple, or perfect Democracy, more so under a mixed
Government, like the
Republic of Rome, and still more so under a limited
Ambition is one of the more ungovernable Passions of the human Heart. The
Love of Power, is insatiable and uncontroulable.
Even in the simple Democracies of ancient
Greece, jealous as they were of Power, even their Ostracism
could not always preserve them from the grasping Desires and Designs of
their great Men, from the overbearing Popularity, of their great Men.
Rome, in her wisest and most virtuous Period, from the Expulsion
of her Kings to the Overthrow of the Commonwealth, was always in Danger from
the Power of some and the Turbulence, Faction and Popularity of others.
There is Danger from all Men. The only Maxim of a free Government, ought to
be to trust no Man living, with Power to endanger the public Liberty.
England, the common Rout to Power has
been by making clamorous Professions of Patriotism, in early Life, to secure a
great Popularity, and to ride upon that Popularity, into the highest Offices of
State, and after they have arrived there, they have been generally found, as
little zealous to preserve the Constitution, as their Predecessors whom they
have hunted down.
The Earl of Strafford, in early Life, was a mighty
Patriot and Anticourtier.
Sir Robert Walpole. Commited to the Tower the Father
Harley also, a great and bold Advocate for the
Constitution and Liberties of his Country.
But I need not go to
Greece or to
Rome, or to
Britain for Examples. There are Persons now living in this
Province, who for a long Course of their younger Years, professed and were
believed to be the Guardian Angells
of our civil and
Religious Liberties, whose latter Conduct has been
, since they have
climbed up by Popularity to Power, has exhibited as great a Contrast to their
former Professions and Principles, as ever was seen in a
Strafford, an Harley, or a
Be upon your Guard then, my Countrymen.
We see, by the Sketches I have given you, that all the great Kingdoms of
Europe have once been free. But that they have lost their
Liberties, by the Ignorance, the Weakness, the Inconstancy, and Disunion of the
People. Let Us guard against these dangers, let us be firm and stable, as wise
as Serpents and as harmless as Doves, but as daring and intrepid as Heroes. Let
Us cherish the Means of Knowledge-our schools and Colledges-let Us cherish our Militia, and encourage
military Discipline and skill.
The English Nation have been more fortunate than
Spain, or any other -- for the Barons, the Grandees, the Nobles,
instead of uniting with [the] Crown, to suppress the People,
united with the People, and struggled vs. the Crown,
untill they obtained the great Charter, which was but
a Restoration and Confirmation of the Laws and Constitution of our Saxon King
Edward the Confessor.
Liberty depends upon an exact Ballance, a nice
Counterpoise of all the Powers of the state.
When the Popular Power becomes grasping, and eager after Augmentation, or
for Amplification, beyond its proper Weight, or Line, it becomes as dangerous
as any other.
Sweeden is an Example.
The Independency of the Governor, his Salary granted by the Crown, out of a
Revenue extorted from this People.
The Refusal of the Governor to consent to any Act for granting a Salary to
the Agent, unless chosen by the 3 Branches of the General Court.
The Instruction to the Governor, not to consent to any Tax Bill unless
the certain Crown Officers are exempted.
The Multiplication of Offices and Officers among Us.
The Revenue, arising from Duties upon Tea, Sugar, Molasses and other
It is the popular Power, the democraticall Branch of our Constitution that
If K. [King], Lords and Commons, can make Laws to bind Us
in all Cases whatsoever, The People here will have no Influence, no Check, no
Power, no Controul, no Negative.
And the Government we are under, instead of being a mixture of Monarchy,
Aristocracy and Democracy, will be a Mixture only of Monarchy and Aristocracy.
For the Lords and Commons may be considered equally with Regard to Us as
Nobles, as the few, as Aristocratical Grandees,
independent of Us the People, uninfluenced by Us, having no fear of Us, nor
Love for Us.
Wise and free Nations have made it their Rule, never to vote their Donations
of Money to their Kings to enable them to carry on the Affairs of Government,
untill they had Opportunities to examine theState of
the Nation, and to remonstrate against Grievances and demand and obtain the
Redress of them. This was the Maxim in
Poland, while those Nations were free. What opportunities then
shall we in this Province have to demand and obtain the Redress of Grievances,
if our Governors and judges and other Officers and Magistrates are to be
supported by the Ministry, without the Gifts of the People. -- Consider the
Virginia. Their Governors have been made independent by the
imprudent shortsighted Acts of their own Assemblies. What is the
Pages 92 - 93
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CASCO BAY. JUNE 30TH. 1772.
My Office at
Boston will miss me, this day. It is the last day of Arresting
for July Court. What equivalent I shall meet with here is uncertain.
It has been my Fate, to be acquainted, in the Way of my Business, with a
Number of very rich Men -- Gardiner, Bowdoin,
Pitts, Hancock, Rowe,
Lee, Sargeant, Hooper,
Doane. Hooper, Gardiner,
Rowe, Lee, and Doane, have
all acquired their Wealth by their own Industry. Bowdoin and
Hancock received theirs by Succession, Descent or Devise.
by Marriage. But there is
not one of all these, who derives more Pleasure from his Property than I do
from mine. My little Farm, and Stock, and Cash, affords me as much
Satisfaction, as all their immense Tracts, extensive Navigation, sumptuous
Buildings, their vast Sums at Interest, and Stocks in Trade yield to them. The
Pleasures of Property, arise from Acquision [Acquisition]
more than Possession, from what is to come rather than from what is. These Men
feel their Fortunes. They feel the Strength and Importance, which their Riches
give them in the World. Their Courage and Spirits [illegible]
buoyed up, their Imaginations are inflated by them. The rich are seldom
remarkable for Modesty, Ingenuity, or Humanity.
Their Wealth has
rather a Tendency to make them penurious and selfish.
I arrived in this Town on Sunday Morning, went to Meeting all day, heard
Mr. Smith and Mr. Deane. Drank Tea with
Brother Bradbury, and spent the Evening with him at
Mr. Deanes. Sat in the Pew with Mr. Smith,
Son of the Minister in the Morning, and with Wm. Tyng Esq.
Sherriff and Rep. [Representative] in the Afternoon.
Lodge at Mrs. [Stovers?]
Stovers, a neat, clean, clever Woman, the
Wife of a Sea Captain at Sea.
Have spent my idle Time, in reading my Clasmate
Heminways Vindication of the Power, Obligation and
Encouragement of the unregenerate to attend the Means of Grace -- and The
clandestine Marriage by Colman and
WEDNESDAY JULY 1. 1772.
He, who contends for Freedom,
can ne'er be justly deem'd his Sovereign's Foe:
No, 'tis the wretch that tempts him to subvert it,
The soothing Slave, the Traitor in the Bosom,
Who best deserves that name; he is a worm
That eats out all the Happiness of Kingdoms.
When Life, or Death,
becomes the Question, all Distinctions vanish;
Then the first Monarch and the lowest Slave
on the same Level Stand, in this the Sons
of equal Nature all.
Pages 98 - 99
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Boston. Paid Doctr. Gardiner and took up my
last Note to him. I have now got compleatly
thro, my Purchase of Deacon Palmer,
Coll. Quincy and all my Salt Marsh,
being better than 20 Acres, and have paid 250 O.T. towards my House in
Boston, and have better than 300 left in my
Pockett. At Thirty Seven Years of Age, almost, this
is all that my most intense Application to Study and Business has been able to
accomplish, an Application, that has more than once been very near costing me
my Life, and that has so greatly impaired my Health.
I am now writing in my own House in Q ueen Street, to which I
am pretty well determined to bring my Family, this Fall. If I do, I shall
bring them come with a fixed Resolution, to meddle not with public
Affairs of Town or Province. I am determined, my own Life, and the Welfare of
my whole Family, which is much dearer to me, are too great Sacrifices for me to
make. I have served my Country, and her professed Friends, and at an
immense Expense, to me, of Time, Peace, Health, and Money, and
Preferment, both of which last have courted my Acceptance, and been inexorably
refused, least I should be laid under a Temptation to forsake the Sentiments of
the Friends of this Country. These last are such Politicians, as to bestow all
their Favours upon their professed and declared
Enemies. I will devote myself wholly to my private Business, my Office and my
farm, and I hope to lay a Foundation for better Fortune to my Children,
than has and an happier Life than has fallen to my Share.
This [is] the last Training Day for the Year -- have been
out to view the Regiment, the Cadets, the Grenadiers, the Train &c. -- a
great Show indeed.
Algernon Sidney fills this Tomb,
An Atheist for disdaining Rome
A Rebel bold for striving still
To keep the Laws above the Will
Of Heaven he sure must needs despair
If holy Pope be turnkey there
And Hell him ne'er will entertain
For there is all Tyrannick Reign
Where goes he then? Where he ought to go.
Where Pope, nor Devil have to do.
OCTR. 5TH. MONDAY.
Plymouth with my Sister Miss Betsy
Smith. Most agreably entertained at the
House of Coll. Warren. The Colonel,
his Lady and Family are all agreable. They have 5
Sons, James, now at Colledge,
Winslow, Charles, Henry and
George-5 fine Boys.
Taunton. This Week has been a remarkable one.
OCTR. 19. 1772.
The Day of the Month reminds me of my Birth day,
which will be on the 30th. I was born Octr. 19.
1735. Thirty Seven Years, more than half the Life of Man, are run out. -- What
an Atom, an Animalcule I am!-The Remainder of my Days I shall rather decline,
in Sense, Spirit, and Activity. My Season for acquiring Knowledge is past. And
Yet I have my own and my Childrens Fortunes to make. My boyish Habits, and Airs
are not yet worn off.
OCTR. 27. TUESDAY.
At the Printing Office this Morning. Mr. Otis came in, with
Eyes, fishy and fiery, looking and acting as wildly as ever he did. --
"You Mr. Edes, You John Gill and you
Paul Revere, can you stand there Three Minutes." -- Yes.
"Well do. Brother Adams go along with me." Up Chamber
we went. He takes the Kee locks the Door and takes out the
Kee. Sit down Tete a Tete. --
"You are going to Cambridge to day" -- Yes. --
"So am I, if I please. I want to know, if I was to come into Court, and ask
the Court if they were at Liber Leisure to hear a Motion" -- and
they should say Yes -- And I should say
"May it please your Honours"
I have heard a Report and read an Account that your Honours are to be paid your Salaries for the future by the
Crown, out of a Revenue raised from Us, without our Consent. As an Individual
of the Community, as a Citizen of the Town, as an Attorney and Barrister of
this Court, I beg your Honours would inform me,
whether that Report is true, and if it is, whether your Honours determine to accept of such an Appointment?'
"Or Suppose the substance of this should be reduced to a written
Petition, would this be a
Contempt? Is mere Impertinence a
In the Course of this curious Conversation it oozed out that
Cushing, Adams, and He, had been in
Consultation but Yesterday, in the same Chamber upon that Subject.
In this Chamber, Otis was very chatty. He told me a story
of Coll. Erving, whose Excellency
lies, he says, not in military Skill, but in humbugging.
Erving met Parson Morehead
[Moorehead] near his Meeting House. You have a fine
Steeple, and Bell, says he, to your Meeting House now. -- Yes, by the
Liberality of Mr. Hancock and the Subscriptions of some other
Gentlemen We have a very hansome and convenient House of it at last. -- But
what has happened to the Vane, Mr.
Morehead, it dont traverse, it has pointed the same Way these 3 Weeks.
-- Ay I did not know it, I'l see about it. -- Away goes
Morehead, storming among his Parish,
and the Tradesmen, who had built the Steeple, for fastening the Vane so that it
could not move. The Tradesmen were alarmed, and went to examine it, but soon
found that the fault was not in the Vane but the Weather, the Wind having sat
very constantly at East, for 3 Weeks before.
He also said there was a Report about Town that
had given Thanks publicly,
that by the Generosity of Mr. Hancock, and some other
they were enabled to worship God as
now as any other Congregation in Town.
After We came down Stairs, something was said about military Matters. --
Says Otis to me,
Youl never learn military Exercises. -- Ay why not?-That You have an Head
for it needs no Commentary, but not an Heart. --
Ay how do you know-you never searched my Heart.
"Yes I have -- tired with one Years Service, dancing from
Braintree and from
Boston, moaping about the Streets of
this Town as hipped as Father Flynt
at 90, and seemingly regardless of every Thing,
but to get Money enough to carry you smoothly through this World."
This is the Rant of Mr. Otis concerning me, and I suppose
of a thirds of the Town. -- But be it known to Mr. Otis, I
have been in the public Cause as long as he, 'tho
was never in the General Court but one Year. I have sacrificed as much to it as
he. I have never got [my]
Father chosen Speaker and
Councillor by it, my Brother in Law chosen into the House and chosen Speaker by
it, nor a Brother in Laws Brother in Law into the House and Council by it. Nor
did I ever turn
about in the House [illegible]
betray my Friends and rant on the Side of Prerogative, for an whole Year, to
get a father into a Probate Office, and a first justice of a Court of Common
Pleas, and a Brother into a Clerks Office.
There is a Complication of Malice, Envy and jealousy in this Man, in the
present disordered State of his Mind that is quite shocking.
I thank God my mind is prepared, for whatever can be said of me. The Storm
shall blow over me in Silence.
Cambridge and made a Mornings Visit to Judge
Trowbridge in his solitary, gloomy State. He is very dull, talks about
retiring from Court. Says he cant fix his Attention as he could-is in doubt
whether he ought to sit in a Capital Case, least he should omit something that
is material-&c. &c.
Was inquisitive however, about Politicks and
Town of Boston was likely to do about the Judges Salaries. Said
he heard they were about to choose a Committee to wait upon the Court, to
enquire of them &c. &c. Comparing this with
Otis's distracted Proposal to me, about a Motion or Petition,
I concluded that something of this Kind had been talked of in Town,
'tho I never heard a Hint of it from any but these
for entry dated November 21, 1772.]
Trowbridge thought there never was a Time when
was so out of joint. Our general
Cushing for a fortnights Work as much
as the Judges for a Years. The Ministry gave 600 a Year to the Admiralty
Judges, for doing no more Business than the Superior Court did in one Term,
the latter had a Controul
over the former. For his Part he could not look
upon it in any other Light than as an Affront. This is nearly the same that he
said to Coll.
Court, all Day, dined with the Judges &c. at Bradishes.
Brattle was there and was chatty. Fitch came
in blustering when Dinner was half over.
NOVR. 28 [i.e. 27?].
This Week vizt. last Tuesday my Family and Goods arrived at
Boston where we have taken Possession of my House in
Queen street where I hope, I shall live as long as I have any
This Day Majr. Martin came into the Office and chatted an
Hour very sociably and pleasantly. He says that Politicks are the finest Study and science in the World,
but they are abused. Real Patriotism or Love of ones Country is the greatest of
moral Virtues, &c. He is a Man of Sense and Knowledge of the World. His
Observation upon Politicks is just, they are the
grandest, the Noblest, the most usefull
and important Science, in the whole Circle.
A Sensible Soldier is as entertaining a Companion as any Man whatever. They
acquire an Urbanity, by Travel and promiscuous Conversation, that is charming.
This Major Martin has conversed familiarly in
England, and in
America, and seems to understand every thing very
well Subject of general Conversation very well.
I have now got through the Hurry of my Business. My Father in Law
Mr. Hall and my Mother are
well settled in my Farm at
Braintree, the Produce of my Farm is all collected in, my own
Family is removed and well settled in
Boston, my Wood and Stores are laid in for the Winter, my
Workmen are nearly all paid. I am disengaged from public Affairs, and now have
nothing to do but to mind my Office, my Clerks and my Children.
But this Week which has been so agreable to me,
in the Course of my own Affairs, has not been so happy for my Friends. My
Brother in Law has failed in Trade, is confined to his House, unable to answer
the Demands upon him, by some Thousands. A Miserable Prospect before him for
himself, his Wife, Children, Father, Mother, and all his Friends. Beware of
Idleness, Luxury, and all Vanity, Folly and Vice!
The Conversation of the Town and Country has been about the
Judges strange Occurrence of last Week, a Piracy said to have been
committed on a Vessell bound to
Cape Cod, 3 Men killed, a Boy missing, and only one Man escaped
to tell the News-a misterious, inexplicable
Affair! About Wilkes's probable Mayoralty, and about the
Salaries to the Judges. These are the 3 principal Topicks of Conversation at present.
My Workmen have this day loaded my Brothers Boat with Horse dung from
Bracketts stable. This is the 3d.
Freight -- the first was 15 Load, the second 12 and this last 11, in all 38
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